of a speech made by Henry W. Grady * to the Societies of the University
of Virginia, June 25, 1850.
unmistakable danger that threatens free government in America, is the increasing
tendency to concentrate in the Federal government powers and privileges that
should be left with the States, and to create powers that neither the State nor
Federal government should have.
Let it be understood at once that in discussing this question I seek to
revive no dead issue.
We know precisely what was put to the issue of the sword, and what was
The right of a State to leave this Union was denied and the denial made
But the sovereignty of the States in the Union was never involved, and
the Republic that survived the storm was, in the words of the Supreme Court,
“an indissoluble Union of indestructible States.”
Let us stand on this decree and turn our faces to the future!
It is not strange that there should be a tendency to centralization in
This disposition was the legacy of the war.
Steam and electricity have emphasized it by bringing the people closer
The splendor of a central government dazzles the unthinking – its
opulence tempts the poor and the avaricious
- its strength assures the rich and the timid – its patronage incites
the spoilsmen and its powers inflame the partisan.
And so we have paternalism run mad.
The merchant asks the government to control the arteries of trade – the
manufacturer asks that his product be protected – the rich asks for an army,
and the unfortunate for help – this man for schools and that for subsidy.
The partisan proclaims, amid the clamor, that the source of largess must
be the seat of power, and demands that the ballot-boxes of the States be hedged
by Federal bayonets.
The centrifugal force of our system is weakened, the centripetal force is
increased, and the revolving spheres are veering inward from their orbits.
There are strong men who rejoice in this unbalancing and deliberately
contend that the center is the true repository of power and source of privilege
– men who, were they charged with the solar system, would shred the planets
into the sun, and , exulting in the sudden splendor, little reck that they had
kindled the conflagration that presages universal nights!
Thus the States are dwarfed and the nation magnified – and to
government a people, who can best govern themselves, the central authority is
made stronger and more splendid…
syndicate, the trust, the corporation – these are the eldest sons of the
Republic for whom the feudal right of primogeniture is revived, and who inherit
its estate to the impoverishment of their brothers.
Let it be noted that the alliance between those who would centralize the
government and the consolidated money power is not only close but essential.
The one is the necessity of the other.
Establish the money power and there is universal clamor for strong
The weak will demand it for protection against the people restless under
oppression – the patriotic for protection against the plutocracy that scourges
and robs – the corrupt hoping to buy of one central body distant from local
influences what they could not buy from the legislatures of the States sitting
at their homes – the oligarchs will demand it – for the protection of their
privileges and the perpetuity of their bounty.
Thus, hand in hand, will walk – as they have always walked – the
federalist and the capitalist, the centralist and the monopolist – the strong
government protecting the money power, and the money power the political
standing army of the government.
Hand in hand, compact and organized, one creating the necessity, the
other meeting it; consolidated wealth and centralizing government; stripping the
many of their rights and aggrandizing the few; distrusting the people but in
touch with the plutocrats; striking down local self-government and dwarfing the
citizens – and at last confronting the people in the market, in the courts, at
the ballot box – everywhere with the infamous challenge:
“What are you going to do about it?
And so the government protects and the barons oppress, and the people
suffer and grow strong.
And when the battle for liberty is joined – the centralist and the
plutocrat, entrenched behind the deepening powers of the government, and the
countless ramparts of money bags, oppose to the vague but earnest onset of the
people the power of the trained phalanx and the conscienceless strength of the
mercenary.” – Henry W. Grady:
Writings and Speeches, Joel Chandler Harris, 1890, pp. 146-150.
Grady was a famous mid 19th century political editorialist for
various national newspapers.
Federal vs. National Government
By: David Deschesne
position of Senator is a “Federal” position representing a “federation”
– that is a federation of States. Constitutionally,
Senators (prior to 1917) were nominated by and beholden to the State
legislatures of their respective states. That
was the “Federal” side of our bicameral system.
We the People possessed the “National” side of the government through
the House of Representatives and elected said Representatives to represent our
people’s representatives = Representative
State legislature's representatives = Senator
the State Senators had few worries about the “will of the people”
because the only people they had to impress to keep their job was the
legislature in the State from which they came.
The job of worrying about the “will of the people” was always
left up to that State’s Representative. I
believe the founders came up with a good plan by dividing things up that way.
Too bad We the People have opted for a counterfeit.
When we switched to popular election of Senators by the people, that’s when we switched from a Representative Republic to a full blown Democracy because now the people control both sides of the equation – the States have been effectively kicked out, i.e.: no representation beholden to them. The Federal side of the government has been abrogated and replaced with one that is purely National – a carbon copy of the House of Representatives that exists only as a faint shadow of its former self. Senators used to serve at the pleasure of the state legislatures – they now serve at the pleasure of the people; in the same capacity of their counterparts, the Representatives.
Legalese: The Lawyer's Art of Deception
Are You Really Required to Have Auto Insurance?
By: David Deschesne
Legalese is a vocabulary used by lawyers, legislators, and judges that take ordinary words and use their Latin or Old French original roots that are no longer used today. Because the old languages are no longer taught by government schools, today, it has been suggested that legalese is implemented by government to deceive the people who place their trust in them in order to extract as much monetary gain as possible from an unsuspecting citizenry.
The following is an example of legalese and how words can be miscommunicated on purpose to benefit lawyers, government and corporations. There are hundreds of examples of legalese in the Maine Revised Statutes. While the auto insurance law was chosen as an example for this article, no advocacy for non-insurance is either suggested or implied.
While virtually everybody in Maine has been lead to believe that Maine Law requires auto insurance before a vehicle can be registered, Maine's law says something quite different. According to the Maine Revised Statutes at Title 29-A:
Who must register?
§351. The owner of a vehicle that is operated or remains on a public way is responsible for registering the vehicle.
§402. 1. . A person may not register a vehicle unless the person satisfies the Secretary of State that the vehicle is covered by a liability insurance policy.
What types of vehicles must be insured.
§1611. 1. The Secretary of State may not register any motor vehicle for rent, lease, hire or livery and a person may not operate or cause to be operated on any public way in the State such a motor vehicle until the owner or owners of that vehicle procure insurance or a bond covering the operation of that vehicle...
Since We the People have more power than the government (We are the source of their power) they had to figure out a way to subvert our authority and use that subversion to generate money off of us. Since we did delegate to government the power to regulate commercial entities, they simply have to presume We the People to be commercial entities in order to regulate us. They do that with just one word: "operate."
While it may appear that personal vehicles for private use is implied (it certainly isn't mentioned by name); according to the above section of the Motor Vehicle Code for Maine, the only vehicles that must be insured before being registered to "operate" on any public way in the State are vehicles that are "for rent, lease, hire or livery" (livery = delivery vehicles).
The way the lawyers who wrote the law tied a private, non-commercial vehicle to one that is used in commerce (and thus required to be registered/insured and regulated) is by choosing the word "operate" over the word, "drive." "Operate" comes from the Latin word operari, meaning:" to expend labor on". That same root is used in the word "Operatio," which means: "One day's work performed by a tenant for his lord." (-Black's Law, 5th ed.) "Drive," however, simply means to urge forward under guidance, urge onward, direct the course of.
Because the types of vehicles listed that are required to be insured before registration are strictly commercial in nature (taxi cabs, freight companies, busses, etc.), that lends credence to the historical precedence and various U.S. Supreme Court rulings that only those people using the road for profit or gain are required to obtain driver's licenses and be thus regulated; while private, not-for-profit people aren't (see Fort Fairfield Journal, February 2, 2005, page 3), and now it seems that those former entities are the only ones required to have insurance before they may "operate" (expend labor) their vehicles that are for profit or gain.
Government Exempted Itself
In paragraph six of MRS 29-A, section 1611, the state of Maine exempts government from complying with its own laws regarding insurance by stating, "All vehicles owned by the State, a municipality or school district are exempt from the insurance requirements established in this section."
Alternate to Insurance
Insurance, or bonding to help cover the cost of accidents is a good idea, though, even if Maine law doesn't require it of private, non-commercial people who don't use their vehicles for rent, lease, hire, or (de)livery. However, because of the scam, insurance companies have enjoyed a sort of monopoly of power over the years since the public was "trained" the auto insurance compliance law was passed and have exercised very bold price increases to their benefit and society's detriment, causing prices for policies to get out of control.
What if you and a bunch of your friends put together a club and said, "If any of us gets into an incident, each of us will pitch in and pay the bill for the other friend."
Well, the Koreans and most of the Orient have been doing this exact thing for generations now; and continue to do so here in America today. In Saipan it's called (Tong Fenguen) 'The Helping Hands.' Similar Auto Bond Societies exist in the United States that exist for the sole purpose of bringing together like-minded men and women who wish to handle their own affairs amongst themselves.
While Maine law requires insurance for some vehicles via mainstream insurance companies, the State also allows indemnity bonds bonding the applicant in an equal amount as an insurance company. Since most Auto Bond organizations are not for profit-unlike insurance companies - the cost to cover up to three vehicles can be as low as $300 per year. After that, the groups participating in the bonding program all share the cost of covering an incident. Since most groups are 1,000+ members strong, and the cost is divided evenly, a low monthly cost share bill, if any, may be expected.
To research bonding options further, do a yahoo search on the internet using the key words: auto bond not insurance.
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